University Academic Profile (UAP)


Since AY2012/13, the University Academic Profile (UAP), formally known as Standardised Tests (ST), has been adopted as one of the Evidence Collection Initiative (ECI) instruments. It is to help the University collect direct evidence of student learning in the areas of Reading, Writing, Critical Thinking and Mathematics at the institutional levels. As time progresses, the UAP has been receiving more recognition from academic units and staff members; joint effort has been expended with different academic units to adopt the UAP as one of the instruments to assess programme quality.




UAP are conducted for Year 1,2 and 4 students of each cohort to enable longitudinal tracking of the students’ performance. The aim of the tracking is to allow both university and students to track their performance over the years as they progress to higher years of study. For the final year students, UAP can help assess their level of readiness for career, in terms of the level of competency in Reading, Writing, Critical Thinking and Mathematics.




To ensure that the UAP provided reliable data analytics, the UGC-QAC Audit Report proposed for a higher ECI response rate. A robust data collection mechanism for more student participation is therefore proposed for AY2018/19 and beyond.

The University Academic Profile for Year 1 students will be conducted before they start learning in the University to collect the baseline ability of students. ST for Year 2 students will be conducted with the Arts of Persuasion. They will be asked to take the UAP by the end of the course. Asking the students to take the UAP towards the end of the course will enable the University to track student learning progress at the mid-point of their 4-year learning journey.

In order to ensure that there will be sufficient number of students from higher years to enable cohort and individual tracking, the current working arrangement involving Programmes with ACP visit will continue. Refer to Figure 3.1 for an illustration of the test administration plan.

Figure 1. Test Administration Plan



More about University Academic Profile

Currently, two testing instruments are available for University Academic Profile, namely the ETS Proficiency Profile (ETS) and the Academic Proficiency Profile (APP).

The ETS is developed by US and widely adopted by the institutes in the North America. This provides the opportunity for students to benchmark their scores internationally with students in America and other parts of the world. Regionally,

The APP is an in-house assessment developed by the University with a focus of local context. The APP was based on the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region Government’s Common Recruitment Examination and its question bank is jointly developed with National Sun Yat-Sen University in Taiwan and is also used for their standardised test, the Kaohsiung-Taitung-Pingtung (KTP) Fundamental Competencies Examination System. The dual utilisation of the test questions allows the test scores to be benchmarked regionally.

Together with ETS, these two instruments form the basis of the UAP at the university level and demonstrate HKBU’s effort to ensure that its programmes commensurate with developed education systems worldwide.

By completing the University Academic Profile, students will also have a better understanding towards their academic proficiency and how it has been developed over the years in relation to the HKBU’s Graduates Attributes of citizenship, creativity, communication, and numeracy skills embedded in the HKBU’s 7 Graduate Attributes.

Faculties/Departments/Programmes are free to opt to use ETS or APP for their students.



What students stand to gain

  • Individual score reports will be provided to each participating student. This enables students to reflect on their performance among their peers;
  • The test result will be useful to the development of students’ academic specialty and generic skills;
  • Facilitates students to track their own learning progress as they progress to higher levels of study.



Why it matters

  • Your participation is vital to the university’s effort towards successful monitoring student achievement in Whole Person Education, particularly in each year of assessment;
  • Provides the university with evidence to improve the learning and teaching processes;
  • Allows the university to gather credible evidence in measuring the ‘value add’ of education at HKBU.